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Research Highlights

The well-being of older women is affected by the sensory and cognitive problems of their husbands whereas the same problems of older women have no effect on the well-being of their husbands.

  • William J. Strawbridge, PhD, MPH, Adjunct Professor
    UCSF Institute for Health and Aging, School of Nursing

 

Dr. Alkon's recent findings show that mothers' adversities (acculturation, socio-economics, or social support) experienced during their pregnancy get 'under the skin' and affect the development of their child's autonomic nervous system in the first 5 years of life. In addition, preschool-age children attending child care centers who participate in health education programs provided by nurse child care health consultants have better nutrition, engage in more physical activity, and are exposed to fewer pesticides.

  • Abbey Alkon, RN, PhD, PNP, Professor
    UCSF Dept. of Family Health Care Systems, School of Nursing
    Director, California Childcare Health Program

 

In the tobacco industry's own assessment, the soothing and anesthetic effects of menthol in cigarettes make smoking easier to initiate and easier to continue doing when one's throat is sore.  People who smoke menthols believe menthol is healthier for smokers than non-menthols, and are less inclined to want to quit smoking.

  • Stacey J. Anderson, PhD, Assistant Adjunct Professor
    UCSF Dept. of Social and Behavioral Sciences, School of Nursing

 

[The T]ranslation of book on Situational Analysis into German just arrived.

  • Adele E. Clarke, Ph.D.,
    Professor of Sociology,
    Adjunct Professor of History of Health Sciences
    Co-Editor, BioSocieties: An Interdisciplinary Journal
    for Social Studies of Life Sciences
    UCSF Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences

 

Wendy Max and her colleagues study the economic implications of smoking and secondhand smoke exposure.  Their work has been widely used for policy purposes; including helping determine the amount of damages in the Master Settlement Agreement that resulted when the Attorneys General of 42 states sued the tobacco industry.

  • Wendy Max, PhD, MPH,
    Professor in Residence,
    Department of Social & Behavioral Sciences, and
    Co-Director, Institute for Health & Aging,
    UCSF School of Nursing

 

We have opened the “black box” to glimpse how nursing actions impact patient care quality, costs and outcomes.  We have confirmed that medication administration errors can be dramatically reduced when nurses consistently use 6 basic safe practices when they prepare and administer medications no matter how chaotic the workload gets.  We know now that patient safety really happens at the micro-systems or unit level—where nurses, patients, environments come together to optimize or compromise outcomes.

  • Mary Foley, RN, PhD, and
    Nancy E. Donaldson, RN, DNSc, FAAN,
    Director(s), UCSF/Stanford Center for Research & Innovation
    in Patient Care

 

For 77% of the formerly abused women in our community-based sample, chronic pain was a significant problem. However, to our knowledge this study is the first to report that for more than half of the total sample (n=49), chronic pain intensity was in the moderate to severe range, occurred in multiple locations, and had a significant impact on every aspect of the lives of these relatively young women. In fact, the mean pain intensity and interference scores are comparable to patients with metastatic cancer (Rustoen, Moum, Padilla, Paul, & Miaskowski, 2005).

  • Janice Humphreys, PhD, RN, NP, FAAN,
    Associate Professor and Vice-Chair for Academic Personnel
    UCSF Dept. of Family Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing

 

Child care:   Preschool-age children attending child care centers who participate in health education programs provided by nurse child care health consultants have better nutrition, engage in more physical activity, and are exposed to fewer pesticides.

  • Abbey Alkon, RN, PhD, PNP, Professor
    UCSF Dept. of Family Health Care Systems, School of Nursing
    Director, California Childcare Health Program

 

Linda Franck and her research team have compared the many different ways to measure pain in critically ill neonates in the postoperative period and have determined which [are] the most accurate method[s].

  • Linda S. Franck, RN, PhD, FRCPCH, FAAN
    Professor and Chair,
    UCSF Department of Family Health Care Nursing

 

Linda Franck and her research team have documented the substantial stress and anxiety experienced by parents when their child is hospitalized and have begun to characterize the factors that can lead to ongoing emotional difficulties that continue after discharge.

  • Linda S. Franck, RN, PhD, FRCPCH, FAAN
    Professor and Chair,
    UCSF Department of Family Health Care Nursing

 

Linda Franck and her research team have discovered that increased parental involvement in infant pain management is feasible and enhances parental confidence with their parenting role after discharge.

  • Linda S. Franck, RN, PhD, FRCPCH, FAAN
    Professor and Chair,
    UCSF Department of Family Health Care Nursing

 

The parents who participate in my studies are absolutely committed to supporting their teens with health and developmental conditions into adulthood. They are really resourceful, but often the demands of caregiving can leave them little time and energy for planning-they could use more help from the health care system to make the transition from child to adult-centered services to assure the highest quality of life possible.

  • Roberta Rehm, RN, PhD, FAAN, Associate Professor,
    UCSF Department of Family Health Care Nursing,
    School of Nursing

 

My research of patients in Intensive Care Units has shown that many of these seriously ill patients suffer from many symptoms while they are being treated for their critical illness.  These symptoms include- but are not limited to- pain, thirst, fatigue, shortness of breath, and anxiety.  ICU health professionals, who are treating the patients for their primary illness, also need to focus on conditions that cause these patients distress in order to decrease their suffering at such a vulnerable time in their lives.

  • Kathleen Puntillo, RN, DNSc, FAAN,
    Professor Emerita and Research Scientist,
    UCSF Department of Physiological Nursing, School of Nursing   

 

Health care providers seem to think the transition to adulthood for youth with chronic health and developmental conditions is all about leaving pediatrics and finding adult health care. Parents and youth, though, are equally concerned about a lot of other quality of life issues such as housing, safety, jobs and finances, and social opportunities.

  • Roberta Rehm, RN, PhD, FAAN, Associate Professor,
    UCSF Department of Family Health Care Nursing,
    School of Nursing